Lecture 8: Ledoux and Boullee: Visionary Architecture of the Revolution
Etienne-Louis Boullee (1728-99)
Project for the Bibliotheque Nationale (National Library), Paris 1785
Project for a Metropolitan Cathedral
Monument to Isaac Newton, c. 1784
Exterior, note the rows of cypress trees ringing the sphere
Interior at night, with its own internal illumination recreating the solar system
Interior during the day, with light admitted through holes in the dome to recreate the night sky
Claude-Nicolas Ledoux (1735-1806)
Hotel Thelusson, Paris (demolished)
House for Marie-Madeleine Guimard, Paris, 1773-6
Elevation, composed of a double height coffered niche screened by four Ionic columns. The figure sculpture resting on the entablature of the portico represents Terpsichore, the muse of dancing, an appropriate choice as Guimard was a dancer at the Paris Opera
Plan, showing the small private theater on the second floor of the gate house
Barrieres, or toll gates for Paris, 1784-89
Most of Ledoux's toll gates were destroyed in the French Revolution shortly after they were completed.
Rotonde de la Villette, Paris; one of the few surviving toll gates.
Theater, Besancon (1775-84)
Exterior Ledoux's visionary depiction of the interior as being conceived in the architect's eye: instead of the conventional arrangement of boxes and tiered seating, he created a severed neo-antique hemicycle ringed by baseless Doric columns.
Ideal town of Chaux (1775-9)
Aerial view showing the salt works which were built at the center of the double D-shaped plan
Director's House, Saltworks, Arc et Senans; note the Banded Doric columns
Detail The curved range of work buildings
Detail used extensively throughout the Saltworks - showing concentrated salt water at the final moment before crystallization